Vietnam Television, or VTV, is the national television broadcaster for Vietnam. Like all media of Vietnam, its programming is directly controlled by the government.The first television broadcasts in Vietnam were in the 1960s when the United States set up 2-channels (1-Vietnamese and 1-English in Saigon).VTV was established with technical assistance and training from Cuba on September 7, 1970, in Hanoi.During the Vietnam War it broadcast intermittently from a mountainous region.After Reunification in 1975, the former US-run stations in the south became part of the national network and broadcasting was extended to the entire country.Color television was introduced in 1978. Vietnam Television became an official name on April 30, 1987. And by 1990, VTV viewers had two national TV channels to choose from.VTV’s regional broadcasting centers are located in Ho Chi Minh City, Huế, Da Nang, Phu Yen, Nha Trang, Cần Thơ, Vinh and Tam Dao. Programming is relayed nationwide via a network of provincial and municipal television stations. There are transmitters in most outlying areas of the country. By 2003, more than 80% of all urban households owned a television set. The percentage was considerably less in rural areas, but even the most remote village cafe has a TV and video or DVD player.citation needed In addition, each major city and most of the 64 provinces have their own television stations.